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Otitis media {OM) has been impli­cated as a major pathogenic condition with regard to developmental lan­guage impairment. However, an often contradicting and controversial resea­rch literature exists on the issue. This work was undertaken to study the po­tential impact of early-life OM with its subsequent conductive hearing loss on oral language development and its components in young children in a quantitative approach for better un­derstanding of the nature of the prob­lem. 105 children with their ages ranged from 22 months to 68 months (mean = 41+/-1.4 months) were in­cluded in this study . All the children had bilateral chronic OM with the du­ration of chronicity ranged from 10 months to 36 months ( mean - 21.4 +/- 8.9 months ). All the children were evaluated through a diagnostic proto­col utilizing subjective as well as qua­si-objective measures of evaluations that included history taking , audiolog-ical testing and language assess­ment. Children with other risk factors that could adversely affect language development were excluded from the study . We found that the impact of duration of OM is more detrimental than the degree of hearing loss on the specific language components . The delay in semantic, pragmatic and pro-sodic ages were all found to be signif­icantly correlated with the duration of OM. While, the degree of hearing loss was found to be significantly correlat­ed only with the delay in prosodic age. However, on the other hand, the global measures i.e. the receptive, ex­pressive and total language ages did not correlated significantly with both

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.